Bone & Joint
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a medical condition that is so common that it affects over 2 million people just in the USA alone and almost 1% of our population here in Singapore. The age of people affected by this condition varies, though most that are diagnosed are those from 40 to 60 years old. Individuals who are suffering from this condition are aware of how chronic it actually is. In order to understand the condition better, and before deciding whether or not you should go through a rheumatoid arthritis blood test, let’s take a look at some details about this condition.
Detection of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Despite the fact that actual causes of rheumatoid arthritis have not yet been pinpointed by studies and researches, there are several potential factors that cause the condition. Genetics and gender are two of the most potential reasons. As a matter of fact, women get inflicted with this disease about twice or thrice more than men. A lot of experts also agree that genes may also pose as a factor.
There are different symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. This may include swelling, pain and tenderness in the joints, puffiness and redness in the hands, fatigue, fever, weight loss, stiffness early in the morning, as well as firm tissue bumps on your arms. These different symptoms may just come and go. As such, it is often recommended to see a doctor and go through a rheumatoid arthritis blood test when pain and swelling persists in different joints on both of the sides of the body. Even though this disease may affect primarily the joints, as well as its surrounding tissue, it may also have an impact on the lungs. In order to accurately determine the actual impact of the condition, going through a rheumatoid arthritis blood test is often the recommended option to take.
Benefits of a Rheumatoid Arthritis Blood Test
The process of diagnosis usually involves charting down your medical history, including conducting a rheumatoid arthritis blood test which will identify potential issues early on. If you are suspecting that you have a problem with rheumatoid arthritis, going through a rheumatoid arthritis blood test is the best option to take. The best part about this type of test is that you do not have to leave the comforts of your home to have it as professionals will visit you right at the comfort of your home to go through the procedures. This will give you the peace of mind that you deserve.
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This test is used to gauge whether someone is suffering from folate or Vitamin B12 deficiency.
For people with a history of heart disease in the family in the absence of other risk factors such as being overweight or obese, high blood pressure or smoking; the test can be used in screening patients for stroke or heart attack.
CA 19.9 $67
Serum CA 19.9 levels are usually increased to about 80% among patients who are dealing with pancreatic cancer. They are also evident in 54-89% of patients with stomach cancer, while 65% for those who have colorectal cancer. From time to time, the serum level may also increase in benign conditions, such as acute and chronic pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, cystic fibrosis, as well as hepatobillary tract disease. In benign disease, however, CA 19.9 generally does not go over 100U/ml.
HaemoglobinA1c, or HbAIc, is a diabetes marker, which may be used in long-term care monitoring for people who are suffering from diabetes. The level of HbA1c is directly proportional to the glucose level within the blood. It has been accepted widely as a determining factor that indicates the mean daily concentration of blood glucose throughout the preceding couple of months. According to recent studies, regular measurement and assessment of HbA1c results to the change in diabetes treatment, as well as the improvement of the metabolic control which is indicated with the lowering of the HbA1c valves.
CA 125 $67
This glycol protein is produced in several ovarian cancers. The levels of CA 125 that are above 335ng/ml have been detected in about 20-40% of patients who have State I and II ovarian cancers, as well as 96% of patients who have State III and IV of this disease. In less common situations, the levels can increase in patients who have cancers of the breast, gastrointestinal tract, endometrium, cervix, as well as the fallopian tube. The increase in levels may also be present in some benign conditions such as peritoneal inflammation and endometriosis. CA 125 is also helpful when it comes to monitoring individuals for treatment response and recurrence of tumour.
C-Reactive Protein $37
C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a particular substance which is produced within the liver as a result of inflammation. CRP is also known as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), as well as ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (us-CRP). With a high CRP level in the blood, there is a possibility of having a condition which can cause inflammation, ranging from the possibility of an upper respiratory infection to more serious conditions such as cancer. Higher levels of CRP can also be an indication of an inflammation in the heart arteries, swelling of the tissues that line the joints and infection of a bone. This, in turn, may pose a higher risk for heart attack. However, it is important to keep in mind, that CRP is a nonspecific test which may be elevated with any type of inflammatory condition.
CA 15.3 $67
The test for CA 15.3 is considered as a marker of tumour. It is often used in checking how treatment for breast cancer works, looking for cancer that has recurred post treatment. If you are being diagnosed with cancer of the breast, you may go through this test. It is not used for measuring early stage of breast cancer since the levels of this type of protein are only rarely higher than the normal levels within this stage.
PSA is a substance produced within the prostate gland. It is also highly useful when it comes to the diagnosis of prostate cancer, including the monitoring for spreading and recurrence of tumour in patients. Generally, a little amount of PSA can be found in the blood. Increase in the levels of PSA may be caused by benign prostatic or even prostate cancer.
HIV Antibody $27
The antibody screening test is considered as the most common HIV test, looking into the antibodies that is produced by the body against HIV. It may be done on oral or blood fluid, but not saliva. Since the antibody levels in the oral fluid is relatively lower as in the blood, majority of blood-based tests discover the infection sooner right after being exposed compared to rapid HIV tests.