Cancer Marker Tests: What You Need to Know?
Cancers are one of the most traumatizing experiences to go through in life – despite it happens to yourself of one of your loved ones. The pollution that the environment goes through plays a big part in increasing the frequency of cancers over the decades. It is not something that you can consciously stop, but taking precautions such as living a healthy lifestyle, eating healthy food and doing any available pre-tests will give you the chance to have a head start if your body happens to sprout any cancer cells. The earlier you start, the better. Let us tell you about cancer marker tests which will help the physician’s process of diagnosing and analysis of treatment as they try different methods.
What are Cancer Markers?
To put it simply, cancer markers mean any irregular growth in your blood stream, urine or any other natural ways of letting your body know that it is no longer in control. These symptoms are often and common if you have ever went through the experience of having someone who eventually lost their battle of cancer. Usually these cancer markers are produced by the cancer affected cells, but in times, even the healthy body parts may produce them. Being conscious and alert about such marks can help you diagnose and start treatments to cancer early on, which is always good in order to tackle it in the first stages and cure it completely, hence making cancer marker tests an essential part of the cancer treatment journey.
How can Cancer Markers Help You?
The initial benefit of cancer markers would be guiding the decisions of treatment. There are several methods of cancer treatments including chemotherapy, immunotherapy and radiation therapy which are used in different stages of cancer. Cancer markers help doctors to decide which therapy method or the combination to use with which drugs to prescribe. The appearance and the fading of cancer markers help doctors to decide on whether the treatments that they are practicing have a positive effect on the patient as well. Observing and studying cancer marker tests over a period of time can help doctors to guess or predict the probability of recovery for the patient.
Frequent cancer marker tests through urine or blood samples will be done as you go through the cancer treatments. There are however chances that these tests may not always be entirely specific or sensitive. Therefore, usually more than one test is conducted before coming into a decision since there might be false positives as well. It is also important to know that cancer marker tests are not the one foolproof method of diagnosing cancer. They are used as an indication, and the final decisions are made along with many other factors considered.
Call Us Now at +65 82688242
Or Click the Button Below
Don’t worry, we will come to you for your blood test be it at your home, workplace or any preferred location. To make things more convenient for you, we will email the results as well as the doctor’s review.
Contact Us Today!
This test is used to gauge whether someone is suffering from folate or Vitamin B12 deficiency.
For people with a history of heart disease in the family in the absence of other risk factors such as being overweight or obese, high blood pressure or smoking; the test can be used in screening patients for stroke or heart attack.
CA 19.9 $67
Serum CA 19.9 levels are usually increased to about 80% among patients who are dealing with pancreatic cancer. They are also evident in 54-89% of patients with stomach cancer, while 65% for those who have colorectal cancer. From time to time, the serum level may also increase in benign conditions, such as acute and chronic pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, cystic fibrosis, as well as hepatobillary tract disease. In benign disease, however, CA 19.9 generally does not go over 100U/ml.
HaemoglobinA1c, or HbAIc, is a diabetes marker, which may be used in long-term care monitoring for people who are suffering from diabetes. The level of HbA1c is directly proportional to the glucose level within the blood. It has been accepted widely as a determining factor that indicates the mean daily concentration of blood glucose throughout the preceding couple of months. According to recent studies, regular measurement and assessment of HbA1c results to the change in diabetes treatment, as well as the improvement of the metabolic control which is indicated with the lowering of the HbA1c valves.
CA 125 $67
This glycol protein is produced in several ovarian cancers. The levels of CA 125 that are above 335ng/ml have been detected in about 20-40% of patients who have State I and II ovarian cancers, as well as 96% of patients who have State III and IV of this disease. In less common situations, the levels can increase in patients who have cancers of the breast, gastrointestinal tract, endometrium, cervix, as well as the fallopian tube. The increase in levels may also be present in some benign conditions such as peritoneal inflammation and endometriosis. CA 125 is also helpful when it comes to monitoring individuals for treatment response and recurrence of tumour.
C-Reactive Protein $37
C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a particular substance which is produced within the liver as a result of inflammation. CRP is also known as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), as well as ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (us-CRP). With a high CRP level in the blood, there is a possibility of having a condition which can cause inflammation, ranging from the possibility of an upper respiratory infection to more serious conditions such as cancer. Higher levels of CRP can also be an indication of an inflammation in the heart arteries, swelling of the tissues that line the joints and infection of a bone. This, in turn, may pose a higher risk for heart attack. However, it is important to keep in mind, that CRP is a nonspecific test which may be elevated with any type of inflammatory condition.
CA 15.3 $67
The test for CA 15.3 is considered as a marker of tumour. It is often used in checking how treatment for breast cancer works, looking for cancer that has recurred post treatment. If you are being diagnosed with cancer of the breast, you may go through this test. It is not used for measuring early stage of breast cancer since the levels of this type of protein are only rarely higher than the normal levels within this stage.
PSA is a substance produced within the prostate gland. It is also highly useful when it comes to the diagnosis of prostate cancer, including the monitoring for spreading and recurrence of tumour in patients. Generally, a little amount of PSA can be found in the blood. Increase in the levels of PSA may be caused by benign prostatic or even prostate cancer.
HIV Antibody $27
The antibody screening test is considered as the most common HIV test, looking into the antibodies that is produced by the body against HIV. It may be done on oral or blood fluid, but not saliva. Since the antibody levels in the oral fluid is relatively lower as in the blood, majority of blood-based tests discover the infection sooner right after being exposed compared to rapid HIV tests.