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Health Screening Categories: Diabetes
Diabetes is a medical condition in which the blood glucose, or the sugar levels in the body, is above normal. This condition can result to some complications and other serious issues in health, including blindness, heart disease, and kidney failure, among others. As a matter of fact, studies show that 3 out of 10 patients with this disease in Singapore had the illness before they turned 40. Because of the nature of this condition, it is highly important to closely monitor your health through a regular diabetes test in order to allow for early detection.
There are two types of Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is a disease which happens when the immune system of the body attacks the pancreas, thus preventing it from creating insulin which is important for the process of transporting sugar from the food to the cells. Patients who have this type of Diabetes have to take insulin to support the lack.
On the other hand, Type 2 Diabetes is the opposite of Type 1. It happens when the body makes too much insulin which comes as a response to sugar and carbohydrates overload in the diet. The body’s cells eventually become resistant to insulin which means that any produced insulin fails to perform its job well, leaving sugar excess in the bloodstream.
Diabetes, particularly Type 2, is currently reaching an unbelievable rate in today’s society, along with the overall increase in obesity. This condition is metabolic, which means that it comes as a result of being overweight, wrong food selection, and living a sedentary lifestyle. The good news is that through a diabetes test, it can still be managed accordingly, and necessary changes can be done moving forward in order to avoid aggravating the condition.
BASIC DIABETIC PROFILE
Basic Diabetic Profile
- Glycosylated Haemaglobin (HbA1C)
EXTENSIVE DIABETIC PROFILE
Extensive Diabetic Profile
- Glycosylated Haemaglobin (HbA1C)
- Total Cholesterol
- HDL Cholesterol
- LDL Cholesterol
- T.CHol/HDL Cholesterol Ratio
- Urine FEME
- Urine Microalbumin/Creatinine Ratio
The Need for a Diabetes Test
It has been estimated that a shocking 50% of people who have Diabetes do not know that they have it. It is recommended, therefore, for everyone who is 40 years and older, to have a Diabetes test, as this is the age range that has a higher risk for this condition. If detected early, Diabetes can still be managed, or even reversed through diet changes and regular exercise routines.
There are different types of Diabetes Test options that you can avail of, ranging from mini checks to advanced options. By going through these checks, you can monitor, not just your glucose levels, but your overall health as well. After all, Diabetes is also often connected to other medical conditions. The best part is that you do not have to leave your house for these tests. A professional will visit your house, giving you convenience. To have that peace of mind that you are looking for, contact us for further details.
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This test is used to gauge whether someone is suffering from folate or Vitamin B12 deficiency.
For people with a history of heart disease in the family in the absence of other risk factors such as being overweight or obese, high blood pressure or smoking; the test can be used in screening patients for stroke or heart attack.
CA 19.9 $67
Serum CA 19.9 levels are usually increased to about 80% among patients who are dealing with pancreatic cancer. They are also evident in 54-89% of patients with stomach cancer, while 65% for those who have colorectal cancer. From time to time, the serum level may also increase in benign conditions, such as acute and chronic pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, cystic fibrosis, as well as hepatobillary tract disease. In benign disease, however, CA 19.9 generally does not go over 100U/ml.
HaemoglobinA1c, or HbAIc, is a diabetes marker, which may be used in long-term care monitoring for people who are suffering from diabetes. The level of HbA1c is directly proportional to the glucose level within the blood. It has been accepted widely as a determining factor that indicates the mean daily concentration of blood glucose throughout the preceding couple of months. According to recent studies, regular measurement and assessment of HbA1c results to the change in diabetes treatment, as well as the improvement of the metabolic control which is indicated with the lowering of the HbA1c valves.
CA 125 $67
This glycol protein is produced in several ovarian cancers. The levels of CA 125 that are above 335ng/ml have been detected in about 20-40% of patients who have State I and II ovarian cancers, as well as 96% of patients who have State III and IV of this disease. In less common situations, the levels can increase in patients who have cancers of the breast, gastrointestinal tract, endometrium, cervix, as well as the fallopian tube. The increase in levels may also be present in some benign conditions such as peritoneal inflammation and endometriosis. CA 125 is also helpful when it comes to monitoring individuals for treatment response and recurrence of tumour.
C-Reactive Protein $37
C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a particular substance which is produced within the liver as a result of inflammation. CRP is also known as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), as well as ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (us-CRP). With a high CRP level in the blood, there is a possibility of having a condition which can cause inflammation, ranging from the possibility of an upper respiratory infection to more serious conditions such as cancer. Higher levels of CRP can also be an indication of an inflammation in the heart arteries, swelling of the tissues that line the joints and infection of a bone. This, in turn, may pose a higher risk for heart attack. However, it is important to keep in mind, that CRP is a nonspecific test which may be elevated with any type of inflammatory condition.
CA 15.3 $67
The test for CA 15.3 is considered as a marker of tumour. It is often used in checking how treatment for breast cancer works, looking for cancer that has recurred post treatment. If you are being diagnosed with cancer of the breast, you may go through this test. It is not used for measuring early stage of breast cancer since the levels of this type of protein are only rarely higher than the normal levels within this stage.
PSA is a substance produced within the prostate gland. It is also highly useful when it comes to the diagnosis of prostate cancer, including the monitoring for spreading and recurrence of tumour in patients. Generally, a little amount of PSA can be found in the blood. Increase in the levels of PSA may be caused by benign prostatic or even prostate cancer.
HIV Antibody $27
The antibody screening test is considered as the most common HIV test, looking into the antibodies that is produced by the body against HIV. It may be done on oral or blood fluid, but not saliva. Since the antibody levels in the oral fluid is relatively lower as in the blood, majority of blood-based tests discover the infection sooner right after being exposed compared to rapid HIV tests.