Importance of Kidney Health Screening
Prevention is always better than the cure. We have learned this since we were small kids, and still the time and the effort we put into preventing illnesses are usually not enough. It is common knowledge that the earlier you find some disorder in your body, the earlier and the better your doctors can reduce its risks and cure it. This is why screening – or trying to find any issues before they become too risky – is important. Kidney health screening is an extremely important process which checks and diagnoses any potential or existing issues in your kidneys. This will allow you to have a quick and less agonizing set of treatments rather than filling your blood streams with medication and feeling the inexplicable agony which it related to kidney diseases.
Factors that Often Cause Kidney Diseases
Kidney problems can happen to anyone at any age. If you are not being hydrated enough as you work or study hard, it is surely one of the ways that you can get kidney diseases since not drinking enough water that helps to filer away the toxins in your blood can lead to getting them concentrated and turning into kidney stones. Other than that, there are several other factors which increase the risk of kidney disease which should result in immediate kidney health screening process. Having Diabetes can largely increase your risk of kidney problems due to many reasons. Moreover, having high blood pressure issues and an existing history of kidney disease in your family also mean; you have a higher risk of getting kidney diseases than the average person. This does not mean that you should worry, but taking measures to always be on top of the status of your kidneys will be essential if any of these factors relate to you in any way.
Which Kidney Health Screening tests should you do?
Kidney health screening involves tracking and diagnosing any issues before they become apparent with symptoms. There are a few basic screening tests that you can do to achieve that. Always speak with your physician about any doubts or questions that you may have if they assign any screening tests for you.
The blood test that you do for Creatinine is one of the most popular kidney disease screenings available. It is a simple blood test which helps your doctor to easily diagnose if you are in any immediate risk of getting a kidney problem. It is recommended that you do this test occasionally even if you are not feeling any kidney disease symptoms, especially if have any of the risk factors described above. Doing a basic urine test for protein and measuring your blood pressure levels usually follow the blood test, further confirming if you need to worry about any future kidney diseases.
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This test is used to gauge whether someone is suffering from folate or Vitamin B12 deficiency.
For people with a history of heart disease in the family in the absence of other risk factors such as being overweight or obese, high blood pressure or smoking; the test can be used in screening patients for stroke or heart attack.
CA 19.9 $67
Serum CA 19.9 levels are usually increased to about 80% among patients who are dealing with pancreatic cancer. They are also evident in 54-89% of patients with stomach cancer, while 65% for those who have colorectal cancer. From time to time, the serum level may also increase in benign conditions, such as acute and chronic pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, cystic fibrosis, as well as hepatobillary tract disease. In benign disease, however, CA 19.9 generally does not go over 100U/ml.
HaemoglobinA1c, or HbAIc, is a diabetes marker, which may be used in long-term care monitoring for people who are suffering from diabetes. The level of HbA1c is directly proportional to the glucose level within the blood. It has been accepted widely as a determining factor that indicates the mean daily concentration of blood glucose throughout the preceding couple of months. According to recent studies, regular measurement and assessment of HbA1c results to the change in diabetes treatment, as well as the improvement of the metabolic control which is indicated with the lowering of the HbA1c valves.
CA 125 $67
This glycol protein is produced in several ovarian cancers. The levels of CA 125 that are above 335ng/ml have been detected in about 20-40% of patients who have State I and II ovarian cancers, as well as 96% of patients who have State III and IV of this disease. In less common situations, the levels can increase in patients who have cancers of the breast, gastrointestinal tract, endometrium, cervix, as well as the fallopian tube. The increase in levels may also be present in some benign conditions such as peritoneal inflammation and endometriosis. CA 125 is also helpful when it comes to monitoring individuals for treatment response and recurrence of tumour.
C-Reactive Protein $37
C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a particular substance which is produced within the liver as a result of inflammation. CRP is also known as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), as well as ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (us-CRP). With a high CRP level in the blood, there is a possibility of having a condition which can cause inflammation, ranging from the possibility of an upper respiratory infection to more serious conditions such as cancer. Higher levels of CRP can also be an indication of an inflammation in the heart arteries, swelling of the tissues that line the joints and infection of a bone. This, in turn, may pose a higher risk for heart attack. However, it is important to keep in mind, that CRP is a nonspecific test which may be elevated with any type of inflammatory condition.
CA 15.3 $67
The test for CA 15.3 is considered as a marker of tumour. It is often used in checking how treatment for breast cancer works, looking for cancer that has recurred post treatment. If you are being diagnosed with cancer of the breast, you may go through this test. It is not used for measuring early stage of breast cancer since the levels of this type of protein are only rarely higher than the normal levels within this stage.
PSA is a substance produced within the prostate gland. It is also highly useful when it comes to the diagnosis of prostate cancer, including the monitoring for spreading and recurrence of tumour in patients. Generally, a little amount of PSA can be found in the blood. Increase in the levels of PSA may be caused by benign prostatic or even prostate cancer.
HIV Antibody $27
The antibody screening test is considered as the most common HIV test, looking into the antibodies that is produced by the body against HIV. It may be done on oral or blood fluid, but not saliva. Since the antibody levels in the oral fluid is relatively lower as in the blood, majority of blood-based tests discover the infection sooner right after being exposed compared to rapid HIV tests.