Symptoms of Colon Cancer
Colon is the last section of the tube which spans from the mouth up to the anus. Colorectal cancer begins in the event that the natural substitution of the cells in the lining goes abnormal. During this instance, the cell division in the mucosal commits frequent errors. The reasons for this cannot be fully comprehended. But in case that it occurs, the abnormal cells will begin to divide and grow which can lead to the increasing in the mass of the polyp. The size of polyps differs but will slowly grow after an expansive time. While they are growing, the genetic mutation can deeply destabilize these cells. Once the polyp invades the other lining of the large intestine, it will become cancerous. Unlike any cancerous cell, colon cancers take at least 8-10 years to develop.
In Singapore, Colorectal cancer is the most common type of cancer which affects around 17.2% of the male population and 13.3% of the female population. There are prevalent symptoms of colon cancer, but these signs and symptoms can also relate to other health conditions.
Common Symptoms of Colon Cancer
Some of the most common signs of CRC may not be that obvious most particularly when the symptoms occur in the young adult. There are also some instances when the health condition will not show any sign and symptoms of colon cancer. The most prevalent condition includes the following:
- Diarrhea that last for an expansive amount of days.
- Constipation that also last for quite some time.
- Unexplainable weight loss
- Persistent vomiting
- Change in bowel movement habit; there is a different smell of stool, and the stool appears to be narrow.
- Bloating, cramps and gaseous
- Sudden fatigue and weakness
- Excessive abdominal pain that brings a feeling of discomfort
- Blood spot in the stool
You need to be aware that these symptoms of colon cancer can also occur in different medical conditions such as infection, haemorrhoids and IBD. But that does not mean that you should disregard any of the symptoms mentioned above. In case you are feeling a certain sense of discomfort and changes in your body condition, seek the help of our doctor immediately.
Although symptoms of colon cancer have the possibility to point to other chronic condition, there is also a probability that it is the cause of cancer. In case that you already acquired treatment, but the symptoms are still persistent, make sure that you will continue looking for the culprit. On the last few years, some of the initial diagnosis that turns out to be a colon cancer includes lactose intolerance, allergies, anal fissure, hernia, ulcer, problem on gall bladder, spastic colon, appendicitis, Colitis, Parasite, IBS, stress, and haemorrhoids.
In most cases, symptoms of colon cancer can start at the age of 50, but cancer can also start at the very early age of 20. In fact, at least 10% of the colon cancer occurs below 50 years old. Remember that there is a high risk of contracting this disease in the event that you have a family history, lynch syndrome and FAP.
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This test is used to gauge whether someone is suffering from folate or Vitamin B12 deficiency.
For people with a history of heart disease in the family in the absence of other risk factors such as being overweight or obese, high blood pressure or smoking; the test can be used in screening patients for stroke or heart attack.
CA 19.9 $67
Serum CA 19.9 levels are usually increased to about 80% among patients who are dealing with pancreatic cancer. They are also evident in 54-89% of patients with stomach cancer, while 65% for those who have colorectal cancer. From time to time, the serum level may also increase in benign conditions, such as acute and chronic pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, cystic fibrosis, as well as hepatobillary tract disease. In benign disease, however, CA 19.9 generally does not go over 100U/ml.
HaemoglobinA1c, or HbAIc, is a diabetes marker, which may be used in long-term care monitoring for people who are suffering from diabetes. The level of HbA1c is directly proportional to the glucose level within the blood. It has been accepted widely as a determining factor that indicates the mean daily concentration of blood glucose throughout the preceding couple of months. According to recent studies, regular measurement and assessment of HbA1c results to the change in diabetes treatment, as well as the improvement of the metabolic control which is indicated with the lowering of the HbA1c valves.
CA 125 $67
This glycol protein is produced in several ovarian cancers. The levels of CA 125 that are above 335ng/ml have been detected in about 20-40% of patients who have State I and II ovarian cancers, as well as 96% of patients who have State III and IV of this disease. In less common situations, the levels can increase in patients who have cancers of the breast, gastrointestinal tract, endometrium, cervix, as well as the fallopian tube. The increase in levels may also be present in some benign conditions such as peritoneal inflammation and endometriosis. CA 125 is also helpful when it comes to monitoring individuals for treatment response and recurrence of tumour.
C-Reactive Protein $37
C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a particular substance which is produced within the liver as a result of inflammation. CRP is also known as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), as well as ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (us-CRP). With a high CRP level in the blood, there is a possibility of having a condition which can cause inflammation, ranging from the possibility of an upper respiratory infection to more serious conditions such as cancer. Higher levels of CRP can also be an indication of an inflammation in the heart arteries, swelling of the tissues that line the joints and infection of a bone. This, in turn, may pose a higher risk for heart attack. However, it is important to keep in mind, that CRP is a nonspecific test which may be elevated with any type of inflammatory condition.
CA 15.3 $67
The test for CA 15.3 is considered as a marker of tumour. It is often used in checking how treatment for breast cancer works, looking for cancer that has recurred post treatment. If you are being diagnosed with cancer of the breast, you may go through this test. It is not used for measuring early stage of breast cancer since the levels of this type of protein are only rarely higher than the normal levels within this stage.
PSA is a substance produced within the prostate gland. It is also highly useful when it comes to the diagnosis of prostate cancer, including the monitoring for spreading and recurrence of tumour in patients. Generally, a little amount of PSA can be found in the blood. Increase in the levels of PSA may be caused by benign prostatic or even prostate cancer.
HIV Antibody $27
The antibody screening test is considered as the most common HIV test, looking into the antibodies that is produced by the body against HIV. It may be done on oral or blood fluid, but not saliva. Since the antibody levels in the oral fluid is relatively lower as in the blood, majority of blood-based tests discover the infection sooner right after being exposed compared to rapid HIV tests.