Symptoms of Blood Cancer
Cancerous cells and formations have been found to have the ability to affect just about any aspect of the human body. Blood cancers to be specific are those known to attack different aspects of the circulatory system. As such, they attack the blood itself, the lymphatic system and bone marrow as well. It is best to be well informed on the main symptoms of blood cancer so as to seek diagnosis as soon as you detect them. It is worth noting that even though the symptoms of blood cancer differ with regard to the specific type of cancer, there are some common symptoms you can look out for.
Read on to find out more about the main types of blood cancers and their symptoms.
Types of Blood Cancers Before we look at the symptoms of blood cancer, let’s take a moment to look at the different types in existence today. There are three main types of blood cancer as defined by the aspects of the circulatory system affected. Leukemia is one of the common types of cancer. It affects the blood and the bone marrow, affecting the efficiency of blood production. Lymphoma refers to the type of cancer occurring as a result of cancerous cells affecting the lymphocytes. These are a variety of white blood cells circulated in the lymphatic system. Finally, we have Myeloma, this type usually affects plasma; part of the white blood cells. There are other rare blood cancers in addition to the main ones mentioned above.
Each different type of blood cancer identified above comes with a variety of associated symptoms of blood cancer as identified below.
The symptoms of blood cancer associated with this type include anemia, fatigue, and weakness. These symptoms are tied to the fact that the disease usually leads to the destruction of the red blood cells, and reduced ability of the body to manufacture more. Other symptoms include swollen lymph nodes, sweating and shortness of breath among others.
The main symptoms of blood cancer seen here usually come in later stages of prognosis, with initial stages manifesting no signs. The signs to look out for include shortness of breath, back and chest pain, fatigue, being susceptible to infections among others.
Symptoms of blood cancer to look out for here include painless swollen lymph nodes (the main areas affected by this cancer), loss of appetite, bouts of chills, fever and night sweats.
As previously stated, symptoms of blood cancer can be quite difficult to detect in the early stages. Schedule a test as soon these symptoms start to appear to raise your chances of successful treatment.
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This test is used to gauge whether someone is suffering from folate or Vitamin B12 deficiency.
For people with a history of heart disease in the family in the absence of other risk factors such as being overweight or obese, high blood pressure or smoking; the test can be used in screening patients for stroke or heart attack.
CA 19.9 $67
Serum CA 19.9 levels are usually increased to about 80% among patients who are dealing with pancreatic cancer. They are also evident in 54-89% of patients with stomach cancer, while 65% for those who have colorectal cancer. From time to time, the serum level may also increase in benign conditions, such as acute and chronic pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, cystic fibrosis, as well as hepatobillary tract disease. In benign disease, however, CA 19.9 generally does not go over 100U/ml.
HaemoglobinA1c, or HbAIc, is a diabetes marker, which may be used in long-term care monitoring for people who are suffering from diabetes. The level of HbA1c is directly proportional to the glucose level within the blood. It has been accepted widely as a determining factor that indicates the mean daily concentration of blood glucose throughout the preceding couple of months. According to recent studies, regular measurement and assessment of HbA1c results to the change in diabetes treatment, as well as the improvement of the metabolic control which is indicated with the lowering of the HbA1c valves.
CA 125 $67
This glycol protein is produced in several ovarian cancers. The levels of CA 125 that are above 335ng/ml have been detected in about 20-40% of patients who have State I and II ovarian cancers, as well as 96% of patients who have State III and IV of this disease. In less common situations, the levels can increase in patients who have cancers of the breast, gastrointestinal tract, endometrium, cervix, as well as the fallopian tube. The increase in levels may also be present in some benign conditions such as peritoneal inflammation and endometriosis. CA 125 is also helpful when it comes to monitoring individuals for treatment response and recurrence of tumour.
C-Reactive Protein $37
C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a particular substance which is produced within the liver as a result of inflammation. CRP is also known as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), as well as ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (us-CRP). With a high CRP level in the blood, there is a possibility of having a condition which can cause inflammation, ranging from the possibility of an upper respiratory infection to more serious conditions such as cancer. Higher levels of CRP can also be an indication of an inflammation in the heart arteries, swelling of the tissues that line the joints and infection of a bone. This, in turn, may pose a higher risk for heart attack. However, it is important to keep in mind, that CRP is a nonspecific test which may be elevated with any type of inflammatory condition.
CA 15.3 $67
The test for CA 15.3 is considered as a marker of tumour. It is often used in checking how treatment for breast cancer works, looking for cancer that has recurred post treatment. If you are being diagnosed with cancer of the breast, you may go through this test. It is not used for measuring early stage of breast cancer since the levels of this type of protein are only rarely higher than the normal levels within this stage.
PSA is a substance produced within the prostate gland. It is also highly useful when it comes to the diagnosis of prostate cancer, including the monitoring for spreading and recurrence of tumour in patients. Generally, a little amount of PSA can be found in the blood. Increase in the levels of PSA may be caused by benign prostatic or even prostate cancer.
HIV Antibody $27
The antibody screening test is considered as the most common HIV test, looking into the antibodies that is produced by the body against HIV. It may be done on oral or blood fluid, but not saliva. Since the antibody levels in the oral fluid is relatively lower as in the blood, majority of blood-based tests discover the infection sooner right after being exposed compared to rapid HIV tests.