Viral hepatitis refers to the different strains of hepatitis, namely Hepatitis A, B and C. This disease usually attacks the liver, the largest internal organ, vital to a person’s health. The liver plays a vital role in the normal operation of the body. It is central to the storage of nutrients absorbed from food, synthesis of vital proteins and elimination of toxins; hepatitis usually reduces the liver’s ability to do its work, endangering the health of the infected person. Hepatitis screening tests are used to detect the infection, its state of development and even guide treatment options to be used.
With the right treatment therapy, hepatitis can be completely eliminated from the body; however, it must first be detected through hepatitis screening.
When is it needed?
Hepatitis screening is usually recommended in a variety of cases. First and foremost, hepatitis testing is used to ascertain the type of hepatitis a person is suffering from. This test is also administered by medical practitioners who usually come into contact with patients or test samples obtained from patients suffering from any the disease. Hepatitis screening is also recommended for people suffering from an abnormal liver function.
HEPATITIS A, B & C
Hepatitis A,B & C
- Hepatitis A Antibody
- Hepatitis Bs Antigen
- Hepatitis Bs Antibody
- Hepatitis C Antibody
How it Works
It is worth noting that Hepatitis A is usually spread through food or contact with the feces of an infected person. This is different from hepatitis B which can be transmitted sexually; and Hepatitis C, which is purely transmitted through the blood. Hepatitis screening is usually done to detect antibodies related to the infection. The tests are also used to identify the level of activity of the infection as well as guiding the course of treatment to be adopted. It is worth noting that hepatitis screening tests are also used from time to time during the treatment stage to detect the virus load and resultantly gauge response to the treatment therapy chosen.
Hepatitis Screening Tests
Hepatitis screening is essentially meant to detect antibodies in the blood and therefore show whether additional testing is needed. Since the virus takes a while to grow to detectable levels in the blood, it is important to note that a number of successive tests may be needed.
The follow up tests are meant to ascertain whether the antibodies are as a result of a past infection, or vaccination (especially in the case of Hepatitis A), or current and active infection.
Hepatitis is a life-threatening disease. Getting tested as early as possible ensures that you get the necessary treatment. Call us to schedule hepatitis screening with a trained medical practitioner today.
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This test is used to gauge whether someone is suffering from folate or Vitamin B12 deficiency.
For people with a history of heart disease in the family in the absence of other risk factors such as being overweight or obese, high blood pressure or smoking; the test can be used in screening patients for stroke or heart attack.
CA 19.9 $67
Serum CA 19.9 levels are usually increased to about 80% among patients who are dealing with pancreatic cancer. They are also evident in 54-89% of patients with stomach cancer, while 65% for those who have colorectal cancer. From time to time, the serum level may also increase in benign conditions, such as acute and chronic pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, cystic fibrosis, as well as hepatobillary tract disease. In benign disease, however, CA 19.9 generally does not go over 100U/ml.
HaemoglobinA1c, or HbAIc, is a diabetes marker, which may be used in long-term care monitoring for people who are suffering from diabetes. The level of HbA1c is directly proportional to the glucose level within the blood. It has been accepted widely as a determining factor that indicates the mean daily concentration of blood glucose throughout the preceding couple of months. According to recent studies, regular measurement and assessment of HbA1c results to the change in diabetes treatment, as well as the improvement of the metabolic control which is indicated with the lowering of the HbA1c valves.
CA 125 $67
This glycol protein is produced in several ovarian cancers. The levels of CA 125 that are above 335ng/ml have been detected in about 20-40% of patients who have State I and II ovarian cancers, as well as 96% of patients who have State III and IV of this disease. In less common situations, the levels can increase in patients who have cancers of the breast, gastrointestinal tract, endometrium, cervix, as well as the fallopian tube. The increase in levels may also be present in some benign conditions such as peritoneal inflammation and endometriosis. CA 125 is also helpful when it comes to monitoring individuals for treatment response and recurrence of tumour.
C-Reactive Protein $37
C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a particular substance which is produced within the liver as a result of inflammation. CRP is also known as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), as well as ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (us-CRP). With a high CRP level in the blood, there is a possibility of having a condition which can cause inflammation, ranging from the possibility of an upper respiratory infection to more serious conditions such as cancer. Higher levels of CRP can also be an indication of an inflammation in the heart arteries, swelling of the tissues that line the joints and infection of a bone. This, in turn, may pose a higher risk for heart attack. However, it is important to keep in mind, that CRP is a nonspecific test which may be elevated with any type of inflammatory condition.
CA 15.3 $67
The test for CA 15.3 is considered as a marker of tumour. It is often used in checking how treatment for breast cancer works, looking for cancer that has recurred post treatment. If you are being diagnosed with cancer of the breast, you may go through this test. It is not used for measuring early stage of breast cancer since the levels of this type of protein are only rarely higher than the normal levels within this stage.
PSA is a substance produced within the prostate gland. It is also highly useful when it comes to the diagnosis of prostate cancer, including the monitoring for spreading and recurrence of tumour in patients. Generally, a little amount of PSA can be found in the blood. Increase in the levels of PSA may be caused by benign prostatic or even prostate cancer.
HIV Antibody $27
The antibody screening test is considered as the most common HIV test, looking into the antibodies that is produced by the body against HIV. It may be done on oral or blood fluid, but not saliva. Since the antibody levels in the oral fluid is relatively lower as in the blood, majority of blood-based tests discover the infection sooner right after being exposed compared to rapid HIV tests.