Symptoms of Skin Cancer
Skin cancer is known to develop in the areas of the body which experience a lot of exposure to the sun. These areas include the face, legs, scalp, arms, ears, neck and chest. However, there are also cases where skin cancer develops in areas of the body which rarely see any sun exposure. By identifying the symptoms of skin cancer early, you can be able to get the necessary medical attention and raise the chances of beating the disease. This disease affects people of all complexions. In people with darker complexions, skin cancer usually develops in areas of the body which rarely get any sun exposure including on the soles of the feet, palms and under the nails.
Read on to find out more about the common types of skin cancer and their symptoms.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
As one of the most common types of skin cancer, basal cell carcinoma commonly occurs in the areas of the body exposed to the sun. Some of the main symptoms of skin cancer classified as basal cell carcinoma include the appearance of a waxy or noticeably pearly bump. The cancer may also appear as a flat brown or flesh-colored lesion resembling a scar.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Another common type of skin cancer, squamous cell carcinoma commonly develops on the areas of the body exposed to the sun. However, in people with darker skin tones, this type of skin cancer may develop on areas which are rarely exposed to the sun. Some of the main symptoms of skin cancer classified as squamous cell carcinoma include the appearance of a lesion which is flat and has a crusted and scaly surface.
Melanoma is another common type of skin cancer. This type can appear anywhere on the body, in both men and women. Melanoma skin cancer develops on healthy skin or in a mole that turns cancerous; look out for symptoms of skin cancer in these areas. In women, this type of skin cancer usually develops around the lower legs; in men, it develops on the area around the face or on the trunk. This skin cancer affects people with any skin tone. In people with darker skin tones, the melanoma develops in areas that are rarely exposed to the sun.
Some of the main symptoms of skin cancer classified as melanoma include a mole that is seen to change in color, feel or size or even bleeds; a large brown colored spot that has noticeable darker speckles, irregular bordered lesion which has portions that seem to be different shades of blue and red in color; lesions seen on the palms, fingertips, soles of feet, toes or mucous membranes around the vagina, nose, anus or mouth which appear to be dark.
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This test is used to gauge whether someone is suffering from folate or Vitamin B12 deficiency.
For people with a history of heart disease in the family in the absence of other risk factors such as being overweight or obese, high blood pressure or smoking; the test can be used in screening patients for stroke or heart attack.
CA 19.9 $67
Serum CA 19.9 levels are usually increased to about 80% among patients who are dealing with pancreatic cancer. They are also evident in 54-89% of patients with stomach cancer, while 65% for those who have colorectal cancer. From time to time, the serum level may also increase in benign conditions, such as acute and chronic pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, cystic fibrosis, as well as hepatobillary tract disease. In benign disease, however, CA 19.9 generally does not go over 100U/ml.
HaemoglobinA1c, or HbAIc, is a diabetes marker, which may be used in long-term care monitoring for people who are suffering from diabetes. The level of HbA1c is directly proportional to the glucose level within the blood. It has been accepted widely as a determining factor that indicates the mean daily concentration of blood glucose throughout the preceding couple of months. According to recent studies, regular measurement and assessment of HbA1c results to the change in diabetes treatment, as well as the improvement of the metabolic control which is indicated with the lowering of the HbA1c valves.
CA 125 $67
This glycol protein is produced in several ovarian cancers. The levels of CA 125 that are above 335ng/ml have been detected in about 20-40% of patients who have State I and II ovarian cancers, as well as 96% of patients who have State III and IV of this disease. In less common situations, the levels can increase in patients who have cancers of the breast, gastrointestinal tract, endometrium, cervix, as well as the fallopian tube. The increase in levels may also be present in some benign conditions such as peritoneal inflammation and endometriosis. CA 125 is also helpful when it comes to monitoring individuals for treatment response and recurrence of tumour.
C-Reactive Protein $37
C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a particular substance which is produced within the liver as a result of inflammation. CRP is also known as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), as well as ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (us-CRP). With a high CRP level in the blood, there is a possibility of having a condition which can cause inflammation, ranging from the possibility of an upper respiratory infection to more serious conditions such as cancer. Higher levels of CRP can also be an indication of an inflammation in the heart arteries, swelling of the tissues that line the joints and infection of a bone. This, in turn, may pose a higher risk for heart attack. However, it is important to keep in mind, that CRP is a nonspecific test which may be elevated with any type of inflammatory condition.
CA 15.3 $67
The test for CA 15.3 is considered as a marker of tumour. It is often used in checking how treatment for breast cancer works, looking for cancer that has recurred post treatment. If you are being diagnosed with cancer of the breast, you may go through this test. It is not used for measuring early stage of breast cancer since the levels of this type of protein are only rarely higher than the normal levels within this stage.
PSA is a substance produced within the prostate gland. It is also highly useful when it comes to the diagnosis of prostate cancer, including the monitoring for spreading and recurrence of tumour in patients. Generally, a little amount of PSA can be found in the blood. Increase in the levels of PSA may be caused by benign prostatic or even prostate cancer.
HIV Antibody $27
The antibody screening test is considered as the most common HIV test, looking into the antibodies that is produced by the body against HIV. It may be done on oral or blood fluid, but not saliva. Since the antibody levels in the oral fluid is relatively lower as in the blood, majority of blood-based tests discover the infection sooner right after being exposed compared to rapid HIV tests.